A nephrologist deals with the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. Diseases including diabetes and high blood pressure also affect the kidney adversely and it is a nephrologist who deals with preventing and treating renal damage caused by these systemic or whole body diseases as well. Nephrologists deal with kidney disorders including:
- Fluid and electrolyte disorders
- Kidney stones
- Acid-base disorders
- Acute kidney disease and renal failure
- Chronic kidney disease and renal failure
- Urine abnormalities such as excess excretion of protein, sugar, blood, casts, crystals etc.